Ophthalmologist Email Lists, Ophthalmology Email Lists :  A doctor of ophthalmology, unlike an optometrist, is qualified to perform surgeries on the eyes. Aside from that, they are considered medical and surgical specialists since they can operate on the eyes. The eye doctor diagnoses various eye-related conditions such as cataracts, glaucoma, macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, dry eyes, strabismus, proptosis, uveitis, eye tumors, and refractory surgery. It is possible to specialize in particular eye diseases in ophthalmology through subspecialties.