Osteopath Email Lists:  A physician specializing in osteopathic medicine is called an osteopath (also referred to as an osteopathic physician). An osteopath aims to improve a person's overall health and wellness rather than treat any specific condition or disease. Osteopaths can prescribe osteopathic manipulative medications and stretch, massage, and move the musculoskeletal system to reduce pain, improve mobility, and increase blood circulation.